Evaluación del potencial dendrocronológico de dos arbustos que coexisten en áreas desérticas de montaña del centro-oeste de Argentina

Autores/as

  • Edgardo Andrés Melián Laboratorio de Dendrocronología de Zonas Áridas, CIGEOBIO (CONICET-UNSJ); Gabinete de Geología Ambiental (INGEO-UNSJ), Rivadavia, San Juan, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7793-3536
  • Martín Hadad Laboratorio de Dendrocronología de Zonas Áridas, CIGEOBIO (CONICET-UNSJ); Gabinete de Geología Ambiental (INGEO-UNSJ), Rivadavia, San Juan, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9334-064X
  • Daniel Flores Laboratorio de Dendrocronología de Zonas Áridas, CIGEOBIO (CONICET-UNSJ); Gabinete de Geología Ambiental (INGEO-UNSJ), Rivadavia, San Juan, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7313-0410
  • Verónica Gallardo Laboratorio de Dendrocronología de Zonas Áridas, CIGEOBIO (CONICET-UNSJ); Gabinete de Geología Ambiental (INGEO-UNSJ), Rivadavia, San Juan, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0902-6701
  • Yanina Ribas Laboratorio de Dendrocronología de Zonas Áridas, CIGEOBIO (CONICET-UNSJ); Gabinete de Geología Ambiental (INGEO-UNSJ), Rivadavia, San Juan, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5588-2595
  • Evangelina Romero Laboratorio de Dendrocronología de Zonas Áridas, CIGEOBIO (CONICET-UNSJ); Gabinete de Geología Ambiental (INGEO-UNSJ), Rivadavia, San Juan, Argentina http://orcid.org/0009-0008-7553-5356
  • Fidel Roig Laboratorio de Dendrocronología e Historia Ambiental, IANIGLA- CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0987-0486

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14522/darwiniana.2024.121.1200

Palabras clave:

Ambiente semiárido, arbusto, dendroclimatología, clima, crecimiento radial

Resumen

 Los estudios dendrocronológicos con arbustos de ecosistemas áridos en América del Sur son de gran importancia para interpretar la ecología de estos ambientes debido a la escasez de estudios en la región. Este enfoque permite evaluar las respuestas de las poblaciones vegetales expuestas a las condiciones del clima árido. Desarrollamos cronologías de ancho de anillos y evaluamos, por primera vez para Argentina, la relación entre el crecimiento radial y variables climáticas (precipitación, temperatura e índice de aridez) de dos especies de arbustos característicos de ambientes montanos, Proustia cuneifolia y Hualania colletioides. La cronología de P. cuneifolia registró una correlación positiva con la precipitación (mayo), temperatura (octubre, julio y febrero) y SPEI (junio-octubre). La cronología de H. colletioides presentó relaciones negativas con la temperatura media de los meses de diciembre y febrero. Los resultados sugieren que las variaciones en el ancho de los anillos anuales de P. cuneifolia están influenciadas por el clima regional, principalmente por la aridez, mientras que el crecimiento de H. colletioides podría estar influenciado por factores a escala de micrositio. La intrincada orografía cordillerana genera variaciones en las condiciones climáticas, las cuales pueden imprimir respuestas particulares del crecimiento. Por ello, una red de cronologías ayudaría a interpretar en detalle la respuesta del crecimiento de estas plantas al clima cordillerano.

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Publicado

12-06-2024

Cómo citar

Melián, E. A., Hadad, M., Flores, D., Gallardo, V., Ribas, Y., Romero, E., & Roig, F. (2024). Evaluación del potencial dendrocronológico de dos arbustos que coexisten en áreas desérticas de montaña del centro-oeste de Argentina. Darwiniana, Nueva Serie, 12(1), 107–121. https://doi.org/10.14522/darwiniana.2024.121.1200

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Ecología y Fitogeografía